Explicit Memory Storage
Explicit memories consist of memories from events that have occurred in
the external world. Information stored in explicit memory is about a
specific event that happened at a specific time and place. In forming
and storing explicit memories, associations are done with previous
related stimuli or experiences. Therefore, explicit memories can be
remembered and recalled, and rely on previous experiences and knowledge.
It is known that explicit memories involve the temporal lobe.
Implicit Memory Storage
Implicit memories cannot be looked up or remembered to be used for
actions and reasoning. They consist of memories necessary to perform
events and tasks, or to produce a specific type of response. Implicit
memory is best demonstrated when performance is improved on a task.
This type of memory is shown through activation of the sensory
and motor systems needed to perform a certain task.
There are two basic types of implicit memory; repetition priming and
Repetition priming occurs when previous experience with a stimuli
facilitates later processing of that stimuli. This phenomenon has been
seen in studies when subjects are exposed to a set of words and then
later tested. Later tests consist of priming subjects with parts of a
word and asking them to complete the word with
whatever comes to mind. The results of these tests are that subjects
are likely to complete the word to match words they were exposed to at
the beginning. This type of learning is one type of implicit memory.
Skill learning consists of learned, automatic movements or skills.
These memories are only accessed by using or executing them.
Skill learning relies on associating a certain stimuli with a response.
This is done by the stimulus-response
connection subsystem. The stimuli or perceptual input from the
external environment is associated with the motor skill needed from the
motor memory. By performance of the specific task or through
activation of other reflex and motor systems, the implicit memory is